The Mass Education Extension Department through the Directorate of Library Services administers the West Bengal Public Libraries Act, 1979 and the rules framed there under.
The West Bengal Public Libraries Act, 1979 alongwith later amendments, provides for organising and administering library services through the State Library Council (SLC) under the Chairmanship of the Hon'ble Minister-in-Charge of Library Services.The Council is to advise the State Government on the management of the State Central Library, on matters relating to policies and programmes for the development and management of the public library system and on such matters as may be referred to it. This Council consists of 31 members representing diverse fields of interest viz. MLAs, persons representing the interest of education, social work, culture, literary or artistic activity, library science, representatives of Bengal Library Association, Government officials like the Principal Secretary/Secretary of the Mass Education Extension & Library Services Department, the Director of Public Instruction, the Director, National Library, Kolkata, the Director, Raja Rammohan Roy Library Foundation, representatives of the employees of public libraries, representatives from the members of the Local Library Authorities and the Librarian of the State Central Library.
The Director of Library Services is the Ex-officio Member Secretary of the Council. The Council is the highest advisory body in the library services sector to advise the State Government on policies and programmes concerning library services in the State.
Local Library Authority has been created for each district (except for Darjeeling) by virtue of the West Bengal Public Libraries Act, 1979. The District Magistrate of the District is generally the Chairman of the Local Library Authority. In case of Kolkata district, the Director of Library Services is the Chairman. The Local Library Authority consists of 22 to 24 members depending on the number of District Libraries in the District.
The Local Library Authorities comprises of Government and non Government members including representative(s) of the Zilla Parishad (Municipal Corporation in case of Kolkata) , Panchayat Samities, Bengal Library Association, persons representing the interest of education, social work, culture, literary or artistic activities, literacy or scientific movement, representatives of the employees of the Public Libraries, persons from Managing Committees of Public Libraries, Librarian(s) of the District Library or Libraries, District Mass Education officer, District Information and Cultural Officer and District Library Officer. The District Library Officer is the member secretary of the LLA of the district and carries out the functions on behalf Of the LLA.
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The Management of Government Sponsored Public Libraries are looked after by elected Managing Committee.The committee comprises of the representatives from the Corporation / Municipality / Notified Area Authority in urban areas and Panchayat Samities in case of rural areas . The Librarian of the concerned library is the joint secretary of the Committee . The Managing Committees of the District Libraries are constituted with representatives of the concerned Zilla Parishad and institutional members. Librarian of the District Library is the ex-officio member secretary.The District Library Officer is the President of the Managing Committee of the District Library.Staff members of the Sponsored Public Libraries have been declared as employees of the respective LLAs. The assets of the Sponsored Libraries have also been declared as the assets of the concerned LLA under the Act. For Government Libraries there are Advisory Committees created by the Government.